The Science of Citations
Behold the citation! The scientists’ code language for sharing and documenting prior research!
Creating citations is not trivial. There are many styles for different purposes and all have a well-developed and comprehensive set of rules that define their use.
Citation styles for different areas of study:
+ MLA (Modern Language Association)
+ ACS (American Chemical Society)
+ IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
+ NLM (National Library of Medicine)
+ AAA (American Anthropological Association)
+ APA (American Psychological Association)
+ APSA (American Political Science Association)
In the biological sciences, we typically use the Vancouver style. This format specifies standardized referencing for journal articles, books, Digital Object Identification (DOI), URLs, newspapers and other document sources.
While Microsoft Word has a nice list of citation styles built in, Vancouver is not one of them, so you’ll have to format them manually.
Also, here is a link to a Quick reference guide to Vancouver citing and referencing style (PDF 534KB) from Monash University: Vancouver_condensed_guide_2015
Here is a quick reference to reading a citation: